The human brain is the command center for everything people do. The brain allows us to think, to plan, to imagine, to dream, to speak. It is also the organ that controls our coronary heart rate, breathing, blood pressure and the temperature of our bodies — which clearly shows the general importance of the brain. Without a brain, individuals wouldn’t expertise emotions, or have a way of handling all of the info that comes at you each second of every single day you’re alive — from sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. What makes all of this even more amazing is that the brain is in regards to the size of a head of broccoli!
Human brains are made up of neurons, which comprise about 100 billion nerve cells. Neurons collect and transmit electrochemical signals. The form and dimension of neurons fluctuate depending on their objective:
Sensory neurons — carry signals from outside of your body to the central nervous system.
Motor neurons — carry signals from your central nervous system to the muscle tissue, glands and skin of your body.
Receptors — sense things occurring round you in the environment, comparable to changes to temperature, contact, light, and sound. It encodes the information is receives into electrochemical messages which can be transmitted by the sensory neurons.
Interneurons — connect your brain and spinal cord.
Components of the Brain
All brains, whether human or animal, are made up of the following elements that perform specific functions within the body:
Brain stem — contains the medulla, pons and midbrain. Brain stems control reflexes and your body’s automated processes, like blood pressure and heart rate, as well as the movement of your legs and arms and digestion and urination.
Cerebellum — makes use of info from the vestibular system and movement to coordinate the movement of your arms and legs.
Cerebrum or zoomer01 Cortex — integrates information from every of your sensory organs to regulate emotions, offer you memory and thoughts.
Hypothalamus and Pituitary gland — control your visceral capabilities out of your responses to feeding, sexual activities, pleasure, aggression to body temperature.
Because the brain is accountable for so much of our body’s perform and processes, there are a number of problems that may originate within the brain. Disorders of the brain can affect your emotional or physical condition. Common brain problems include:
o Anxiety or panic disorders
o Bipolar dysfunction
o Multiple Sclerosis
o Parkinson’s disease
o Sleep disorders